Bounding Unicorns

Rumba - American Rhythm

Timing

S-Q-Q, 4 counts total.

Technique

It helps to have the feet be slightly further away from the partner than the upper body (slightly more so than in other dances), to create space for walks as, unlike in tango/foxtrot, there isn't much offset between partners hence forward steps move to the partner rather than next to them.

Side Basic

From closed position, leader's steps:

LF left             (1)
RF together         (3)
LF in place         (4)

RF right            (5)
LF together         (6)
RF in place         (7)

The side basic does not travel if repeated. It is similar to side breaks but moves more.

The follower needs to have a good frame, and specifically connection with leader's RH, to be able to follow side basic vs side breaks.

Box

From closed posiiton, leader's steps:

LF forward          (S)
RF right            (Q)
LF together         (Q)

RF back             (S)
LF left             (Q)
RF together         (Q)

Left Turning Box

From closed posiiton, leader's steps:

LF forward          (S)
rotate L 90°        (a)
RF right            (Q)
LF together         (Q)

RF back             (S)
rotate L 90°        (a)
LF left             (Q)
RF together         (Q)

Right Turning Box

From closed posiiton, leader's steps:

LF back             (S)
    & rotate R 90°
RF right            (Q)
LF together         (Q)

RF forward          (S)
    & rotate R 90°
LF left             (Q)
RF together         (Q)

Side Breaks

From closed posiiton, leader's steps:

LF left             (S)
rock RF             (Q)
LF together         (Q)

RF right            (S)
rock LF             (Q)
RF together         (Q)

On (S) counts the leader needs to be applying light force in the opposite direction from the step to stop the follower from executing a back break.

The follower needs to have a good frame, and specifically connection with leader's RH, to be able to follow side breaks vs side basic.

Back Breaks

From closed posiiton, leader's steps:

LF left                             (S)
rotate R 90°                        (a)
RF back                             (Q*)
rotate L 90° & LF together          (Q)

RF right                            (S)
rotate L 90°                        (a)
LF back                             (Q*)
rotate R 90° & LF together          (Q)

The break steps (marked (*)) can be done in closed or in open. If done in closed, leader maintains both hand connection. if done in open, leader disconnects with outside hand and in this case both partners stretch outside hands outward.

Open Break

From closed position, leader's steps:

(half box)

RF right & LH to chest height       (5)
LH push follower away & LF back     (7)
rock RF                             (8)

Leader should move back on (7) by pushing off the follower with LH, rather than moving himself first.

Follower's steps, from closed:

(half box)

LF left                             (5)
RF back                             (7)
rock LF                             (8)

Fifth Position Break

There seems to be some variance as to what a "fifth position break" is as a figure. The first video shows what I would call closed and open fifth position breaks, the second video shows a closed fifth position break into what to me looks like a reverse crossover/back break, and sometimes we just do the first measure of the fifth position break and go into, say, a left turning box.

Going by the first video, leader's steps, from closed:

(closed fifth position break on right:)
RF right & LH push to lead follower's back break            (5)
rotate L 90° & LF back crossed behind                       (7)
rock RF                                                     (8)

(rotate R 90°)

(open fifth position break on left:)
LF left & RH push to lead follower's back break &
    LH connect to follower's back                           (1)
rotate R 90° & RF back & open                               (3)
rotate L 90° & rock LF

Exit from fifth position breaks is usually on (1), meaning if the leader does a break on the right and a break on the left he should do another break on the right to get to (1) and from (1) start the next figure.

The next figure can be a left turning box stop which is a natural exit out of the fifth position break, or swivel walk.

With Forward Break

Instead of a back break on (6), leader can do a forward break which is performed 45° forward/right toward the follower, essentially making the leader move in the same line as the follower rather than in a V.

Walks

Forward

From closed posiiton, leader's steps:

LF forward          (S)
RF forward          (Q)
LF forward          (Q)

RF forward          (S)
LF forward          (Q)
RF forward          (Q)

Back

From closed posiiton, leader's steps:

RF back          (S)
LF back          (Q)
RF back          (Q)

LF back          (S)
RF back          (Q)
LF back          (Q)

Combo

Back walk normally starts with the right foot. A common sequence is:

LF forward walk
RF forward walk
first half of box

RF back walk
LF back walk
second half of box

Progressive Rocks

Leader's steps, from closed, going forward:

LF forward
rock RF
rock LF

RF forward
rock LF
rock RF

Going back:

RF back
rock LF
rock RF

LF back
rock RF
rock LF

Follower's UAT Left

This is an inside turn.

Leader's steps, from closed:

LF forward & LH wind follower               (S )            (1)
RF right & LH lead follower's UAT left      (Q*)            (3)
LF together                                 (Q*^)           (4)
    (follower continues turning)

RF right & LH stop follower's rotation      (S*^)           (5)
rock LF & start reframing                   (Q^)            (7)
RF together                                 (Q)             (8)

This variation is from forward break into side break.

Notes:

  1. The wind can be LH left slightly or LH forward slightly to rotate the follower slightly right.
  2. In either case the wind is very small.
  3. The wind must stop quickly to distinguish it from UAT lead in that direction.
  4. End of rotation is signaled with LH in high five position stopping follower's rotation rather than RH reconnecting or pushing left.
  5. Leader's arm styling happens on steps marked (*) - outside arm out at 90° from direction that leader is facing. Follower's arm styling happens on steps marked (^).
  6. Follower's arm styling - arm stretched out at shoulder level or above - helps leader reconnect with RH as the leader does not need to dig under the arm to do so.
  7. Leader needs to wait for follower to execute arm styling before reconnecting with RH.

From Side Break

Instead of LF forward on (1), leader can start with LF left, in which case the first 4 counts end up having the same footwork as a left side break.

Into Open Break

On (5) instead of executing a right side break, leader can execute and lead an open break by pushing away with LH at chest level.

Follower's UAT Right

This is an outside turn.

From open break, leader executes a back break followed by right side break. Leader raises LH on (1), follower starts the turn on (3). Second measure can be a side break catch or fifth position break.

Leader's steps from open break:

LF left & raise LH                          (1)
RF back                                     (3)
rock LF                                     (4)

Follower's steps from open break:

RF right                                    (1)
LF forward/right crossed in front &
    rotate R 135°                           (3)
rotate R 225° & LF in place                 (4)

Leader should catch the follower on the subsequent (5). The catch can be with LH or RH; LH should be applying pressure to leader's left to stop the follower from continuing to move to her left which is the leader's right. In the absense of the catch the follower should execute a left side step which for her in this case is:

LF left                                     (5)
RF together                                 (7)
LF in place                                 (8)

Although the follower is supposed to execute a side step, she has a decent amount of momentum and having the leader catch is very helpful, otherwise the follower might continue moving into something like a back break.

Follower's Outside UAT With Cuban Walk

Leader's steps from closed:

LF forward                                  (S)
RF right                                    (Q)
LF together                                 (Q)

RF back & raise LH                          (S)
LF left                                     (Q)
RF together                                 (Q)

rotate L 45° & LF forward                   (S)
    (follower is now side by side or slightly behind leader on the left)
rotate L 45° & RF right                     (Q)
LF together                                 (Q)

RF back curving L                           (S*)
LF back curving L                           (Q*)
RF back curving L                           (Q*)
LH j-hook to have follower face leader      (a)

LF back                                     (S)
RF back                                     (Q)
LF back                                     (Q)

The video above calls the steps marked (*) in place but they always move back. Potentially slightly back and possibly significantly back in a circle.

Follower should be traveling in a circle on the steps marked (*) until she gets the lead on (a) to face the leader.

Partners reframe in the last bar while traveling straight (leader is moving back, follower forward).

Slow UAT / Walk Around Turn

Leader's steps, from closed:

RF back & raise LH to lead UAT & rotate L 90° &     (5)
    RH guide follower to left side exit
LF left small                                       (7)
RF together                                         (8)

LF forward & rotate L 90°                           (1)
RF right                                            (3)
LF together & reframe                               (4)

Either of the box halves can be rotating left 90°.

The follower executes a right turn over 5 steps. Follower's steps from closed:

LF forward                                          (5)
rotate R 45° & RF forward                           (7)
rotate R 45° & LF forward                           (8)

rotate R 90° & RF forward                           (1)
rotate R 90° & LF left                              (3)
RF together                                         (4)

The walk around turn has 270° of total direction change. To execute a total of 360° of direction change, one of the half boxes can also be rotated 90°.

Crossovers / Crossover Breaks / New Yorker

"New Yorker" is international style's name for crossover breaks.

Leader's steps from closed:

(half box)

RF right & LH scoop follower's hand                 (5)
rotate R 90° & LF forward & open                    (7)
rotate L 90° & rock RF                              (8)

LF left & RH scoop follower's hand                  (1)
rotate L 90° & RF forward & open                    (3)
rotate R 90° & rock LF                              (4)

(half box)

Instead of scooping the follower's hand, crossovers can be done with "bear paws" where leader's hand is on top of follower's hand.

Free Spot Turn

Leader's steps from closed:

RF right & LH scoop follower's hand &
    RH disconnect                                   (5)
rotate R 90° & LF forward &
    LH right to lead follower's left turn           (7)
rotate L 270° & rock RF                             (8)

LF left & RH scoop follower's hand &
    LH disconnect                                   (1)
rotate L 90° & RF forward &
    RH left to lead follower's right turn           (3)
rotate R 270° & rock LF                             (4)