Bounding Unicorns

American Social Swing

6 Count Basic

Leader's steps:

LF back/center      (1)
rock RF             (2)
(triple step left:)
LF left             (3)
RF together         (a)
LF left             (4)
(triple step right:)
RF right            (5)
LF together         (a)
RF right            (6)

Technique

LF should go straight back on the back rock. No rotation in the hips on the back rock step.

In the closed position, since the partners are angled in a V, triple steps are taken in a diagonal (left/forward instead of left, and right/back instead of right) to maintain the V as both partners move forward and backward.

Bounce is created by bending the knees and going down rather than going up on the balls of the feet.

Shuffle feet on the triple steps which helps with faster songs.

Rotating 6 Count Basic

Normal rotation is to the right, however rotation left is also possible.

Take the back rock straight back, do most of rotation on the first triple step with second triple step rotating slightly. Move RH back on the second triple step to allow follower to rotate as well.

When rotating right, the leader largely travels around the follower rather than pulls the follower around him. When rotating left there is more of a pull on the follower to effect the rotation, and rotation left is therefore normally slower than rotation possible right.

Back rock should normally be taken straight back. However, to achieve much more rotation than normal, instead of doing the normal back rock, the leader can do:

LF in place                                 (1)
RF forward & rotate R                       (2)
triple step left rotating R                 (3-a-4)
triple step right rotating R slightly       (5-a-6)

This way at the end of 2 count the leader is already in front of the follower and rotated 90° from original direction.

8 Count Basic From Open

From open position, leader's steps:

LF back             (1)
rock RF             (2)
triple step left    (3-a-4)
RF back             (5)
rock LF             (6)
triple step right   (7-a-8)

The RF step on 5 count can be taken forward or backward. If taken forward it becomes a check step (see 8 count slingshot / stop & go below).

8 Count Basic From Closed / Lindy Turn / Lindy Circle

From closed position, leader's steps:

LF back                     (1)
rock RF                     (2)
LF triple step forward      (3-a-4)
    body rotating R
rotate R & RF into follower (5)
rotate R & LF forward       (6)
RF triple step back         (7-a-8)

Partners should be facing each other at every step. This means on 5 & 6 counts the leader's steps are diagonally into the follower (who is rotating away from the leader) and not straight which would make the leader no longer face the follower.

To lead the 8 count basic, start rotating on the first triple and speed up that rotation into the 5 & 6 counts. In the 6 count basic the second triple rotates less than the first triple, hence if doing the 6 count basic rotation slows down at the end of the first triple.

The 7-a-8 triple steps go back in the 8 count basic, as they do in the 6 count basic.

The 5 & 6 count steps can be done back rather than into the follower but this makes it more difficult to keep balance and increases separation between the partners.

The "lindy turn" version of this step normally has more rotation on 5 & 6 counts than the "basic" version. In principle the two are the same though.

Triple Steps

Timing

The space between first and second steps is longer than between second and third steps, though with even moderately fast music I don't think one can tell this by looking at the feet.

Left/Right

The basic one.

Forward/Back

Trailing foot steps next to, but behind, the leading foot on the second step of the triple.

Crossed Behind

Starting with LF (for the leader):

LF back behind RF pointing 45° L    (1)
rotate L 90° & RF together          (a)
LF forward & rotate R 90°           (2)

RF back behind LF pointing 45° R    (3)
rotate R 90° & LF together          (a)
RF forward & rotate L 90°           (4)

Crossed In Front

Starting with LF (for the leader):

LF right of RF pointing forward     (1)
RF right                            (a)
LF left                             (2)

RF left of LF pointing forward      (3)
LF left                             (a)
RF right                            (4)

Steps on 1 & 3 counts are big, 2 & 4 counts are small, steps on "ands" are in between. E.g. LF on the 2 count is right of where it was on the 1 count.

Swiveling

Starting with LF (for the leader):

LF crossed in front of RF, slightly right of RF     (1)
    hips pointing 45° R, shoulders pointing straight
rock RF                                             (a)
rock LF                                             (2)

RF crossed in front of LF, slightly left of LF      (3)
    hips pointing 45° L, shoulders pointing straight
rock LF                                             (a)
rock RF                                             (4)

Forward Rock

Leader's steps:

LF forward                  (1)
rock RF                     (2)
triple step left            (3-a-4)
triple step right           (5-a-6)

Side Rock

Leader's steps:

LF left                     (1)
rock RF                     (2)

For the leader, on the 1 count, LH should be on the left side of the body or just outside the body. As the LF left step is taken, LH maintains relative position to the body, hence the lead comes from the body rather than arm or hand movement.

Jockey

From closed position, leader's steps:

(forward rock:)
LF forward          (1)
hold                (2)
(back tap:)
RF tap              (3)
hold                (4)
(back rock:)
rock RF             (5)
hold                (6)

When holding, keep the bounce/pulse going in the knees.

Following figures: leader's UAT, slingshot throwout.

Swivels

Swivels are only done by the follower.

Lead for swivels is LH rotate left in the axis from leader to follower for the first swivel, then rotate right for the second swivel.

When leader leads a swingout (by LH pulling toward leader's center at waist height on the back rock step instead of a push) the follower may swivel.

The follower may also swivel when the next step is one that travels forward, such as a pass or a return. I think the swivels should normally be led in such cases (by leader pulling LH insetad of pushing) but some followers I imagine may do swivels even when led into a light back rock.

With partners in open position with LH hold or double hand hold, if leader does not lead follower's back rock by pushing LH nor swivels into return or pass by pulling LH, it is the follower's option to do a back rock or swivels.

Leader's steps for swivels at follower's discretion:

back rock & LH at center point between leader and follower
triple step in place
triple step in place

Follower's steps:

swivel right                (1)
swivel left                 (2)
swivel right                (3)
swivel left                 (4)
double step in place (?)    (5-a-6)

To do the swivels, for the follower: start with weight forward and center, in open position. Raise RF & twist LF to point both feet 45° right. Place RF down, raise LF, twist RF to point both feet 45° left. When one foot is twisting, the other foot should be off the ground.

Throwout / 6 Count Throwout

From closed position, leader's steps:

(back rock straight/center:)
LF back/center
rock RF & lead throwout by pushing forward with RH
triple step left/curving back & push follower forward
triple step right

In the closed position, partners are arranged in a V. After the throwout, partners are facing each other. To achieve the throwout the leader curves left/back on the forward triple step while guiding the follower away with the right hand.

Leading Throwout

Keep LH down at waist level. Raising LH indicates a turn.

For this reason, it is important to keep LH level while doing the basic. Moving LH down on the forward triple of the basic and then keeping it level while attempting a throwout can be misinterpreted by follower as a turn indication.

Some followers seem to prefer a straight push with RH. Some instructors said to curve RH pressure outward, though this can be misinterpreted by followers as a turn cue.

Slingshot Throwout

This is the throwout that starts with the forward rock.

Leader's steps, footwork is the same as for forward rock:

LF forward &                (1)
    wind follower right slightly
rock RF &                   (2)
    send follower out &
    center torso in forward direction
triple step left            (3-a-4)
triple step right           (5-a-6)

Forward rock involves the torso leaning forward more than it does on the basic step. However triple steps are done with the torso more vertical than in the basic. Hence on the first triple step the leader moves back somewhat with the torso as the RH sends the follower out.

Wind for the follower is smaller than the wind in tuck, but is present unlike a straight throwout which has no wind.

8 Count Throwout

Although I imagine a back rock is also a valid first step, this is normally started with a forward rock.

From closed position, leader's steps:

LF forward &                        (1)
    wind follower right slightly
rock RF &                           (2)
    send follower out &
    center torso in forward direction
LF triple step in place             (3-a-4)
RF forward                          (5)
    (no lead in hands)
LF forward                          (6)
    (no lead in hands)
pull back LH &
    RF triple step back/right       (7-a-8)

On 5 and 6 counts the leader walks forward with quiet hands. The walk can take more than two counts; lead for it to stop is pulling back with LH at which point the leader does RF triple step.

The last triple step is back/right to set up the angle in face to face open position mentioned on the technique page.

J-Hook Return

From open position, leader's steps:

(back rock straight:)
LF back/center
rock RF
triple step right, LH diagonally toward right hip to lead return
    RH in ready position to stop follower
    LH hook right, rotate R 45° into closed position
triple step right/back diagonal

J-hook return transitions from partners being parallel to partners being in a V. This can be done by:

  1. On the right triple step, the leader rotating right 45° to make the V.
  2. The leader rotating torso right almost 45° on the second triple step while not moving back. The second triple step then involves minimal if any torso rotation.

Hook should be done with the wrist, not with the full arm.

Straight 6 Count Return

This is like the j-hook return but without the j-hook. Instead lead for the return is done with leader's RH, and leader's LH is quiet after the back rock.

Leader may need to meet the follower in the middle rather than expecting the follower to come entirely to him, though a good follower will come all the way to the leader.

8 Count Return

From open position, leader's steps:

(back rock straight:)
LF back/center                                              (1)
rock RF                                                     (2)
triple step forward to meet follower in the middle &        (3-a-4)
    catch follower with RH
RF forward & rotate R                                       (5)
LF forward & rotate R                                       (6)
RF triple step back                                         (7-a-8)

The lead for 8 count return vs the 6 count one is rotation on 5 & 6 counts.

Underarm Sendout

From closed position, leader's steps:

(back rock:)
LF back & start raising LH
rock RF & raise LH
triple step left/forward &
    push RH on follower's left side, follower rotates R
triple step back/right small

(now in open position)

8 Count Underarm Sendout

Leader's timing:

LF back             (1)
rock RF             (2)
LF triple step      (3-a-4)
RF walk             (5)
LF walk             (6)
RF triple step      (7-a-8)

Follower's timing:

LF back             (1)
rock RF             (2)
LF triple step      (3-a-4)
RF turn             (5)
LF turn             (6)
RF triple step      (7-a-8)

Three variations:

  1. Leader stays behind the follower and is square to her. Finishing position is face to face open.
  2. Side, no cross - leader stays left of the follower, finishing position is side by side with leader on the right with LH connection. Next step can be promenade.
  3. Side, cross - leader waits for follower to exit, then moves right of follower and travels with her and then closes. Finishing position is closed facing 180° from starting position.

Underarm Return

From open position, leader's steps:

(back rock:)
(lead back rock &) LF back
rock RF
triple step left/forward &
    move LH to leader's right shoulder to lead return
triple step back/right &
    LH up/out to rotate follower L &
    RH in frame to stop & retain follower

Notes:

  • When raising LH, keep elbow pointed down the entire time. The goal is to avoid having elbow be at follower's face level. Some instructors say to have the elbow up and if it's in the follower's face, raise the elbow above follower's head.
  • With elbow pointing down, get LH all the way to right shoulder.
  • If pointing the elbow down, the hand lead is initially a straight pull prompting the follower to step forward, then LH goes up in a quick motion sending the follower into the turn. With elbow pointing to the side, LH is going diagonally up the entire time, giving the follower a single walk forward/turn lead.
  • The first triple step is taken straight with no rotation by both leader and follower.
  • Follower rotates on second triple step and lead to rotate should be given between first and secodn triple steps.
  • Leader's RH assumes frame position on the second triple step, not on the the first triple step to give follower room to rotate.

Fake Cuddle Into Underarm Return

This is an underarm return that starts in double hand hold.

It is lead as a cuddle with leader's LH initiating follower's left turn, but at the end of the first triple step the leader lets go of follower's LH with his RH and instead uses RH to stop follower against their back.

Leader's UAT Left

From Closed

From closed position, leader's steps:

LF back straight &                      (1)
    LH up in front of leader
rock RF                                 (2)
triple step forward under the arm       (3-a-4)
rotate L ~180° to face partner
triple step right                       (5-a-6)

The difference between leader's UAT (left) and leading the follower's UAT (right) is where the top of the raised hand is. If the hand is in front of the follower, this means the follower is turning; if the hand is in front of the leader, the leader is turning.

The rotation should be done after the forward triple step is finished, not during the forward triple step.

From Open

Steps from open position are the same as steps from the closed position.

Leader's UAT can be done with LH hold or RH hold. If starting with LH hold, raise LH to follower's right which is roughly in front of the leader. The raise can be slightly left of the leader initially.

WHen starting with RH hold, the raise again must be offset to leader's left/follower's right so as not to be in front of the follower, and leader's wrist should be higher than his fingers (palm horizontal).

Leader's UAT Left With Waist Roll From Open

From open position, in double hand hold, leader's steps:

LF back rock
RH up in front of leader            (*)
triple step forward under the arm &
    LH keep follower's RH
LH release follower's RH &
    rotate L ~180° to face partner
triple step right

On the step marked (*) leader's right wrist should be bent so that fingers are horizontal while arm is vertical. RH should be in front of leader, not follower (otherwise follower may think it's their turn when it is not).

As in leader's UAT left, the rotation should be done after the forward triple step is finished, not during the forward triple step.

Waist Roll / Waist Wrap

Leader's steps:

back rock
RH swim/superman & triple step forward &
    leave follower's RH on right side of waist &
    rotate L ~180° to face partner
switch LH position or not & triple step right

Start rotating L on the first triple step.

If not switching LH, it will come to be on top of follower's RH. Can do a right side pass to switch back to leader's hand being under the follower's hand.

Can also switch hands during the waist roll itself.

Cuddle

This is the follower's left turn done with double hand hold.

Lead is with leader's LH, leader's RH stays down (waist height) the entire time.

Cuddle exit is prepared with leader raising LH but is lead with right wrist pushing follower out. This is similar to the underarm sendout.

Rotating Cuddle

Cuddle can be rotated in place.

Leader's steps:

LF back rock
triple step in place & rotate R
triple step in place & rotate R

Center of rotation is between partners - leader moves forward when rotating, follower moves back when rotating.

Back rocks should be straight (not rotating).

Traveling Forward/Back

Leader moves with follower in this variation.

Leader's steps, from cuddle:

LF back rock
triple step forward & rotate R 90°
    (follower travels forward in her track while rotating)
rotate R 90° & triple step back

(follower now left of leader)

LF back rock
triple step forward & rotate L 90°
rotate L 90° & triple step back

Follower's steps:

RF back rock
triple step forward & rotate R 90°
rotate R 90° & triple step back

RF back rock
triple step forward & rotate R 90°
rotate R 90° & triple step back

Follower should actually move back on the second triple to reestablish connection with leader's RH.

Hand Drop Exit

An alternative to the underarm turn exit is the hand drop exit.

Leader's steps:

LF back rock
drop LH & RH lead forward/left away & triple step in place
triple step in place

Apparently the second triple has no lead, the follower simply recognizes that she lost connection and pivots & opens.

Follower's steps:

RF back rock
triple step forward small
pivot R 180° & triple step back small

Sweetheart

From handshake open, leader leads follower's left turn while bringing up his RH to be just above follower's right shoulder, then grabs follower's LH with his LH for the second connection point.

Traveling Left/Right

Once in sweetheart, leader moves follower left then right in front of himself. Leader remains stationary throughout this step.

Leader's steps, from cuddle:

LF back rock
triple step in place
triple step in place & move follower left

LF back rock
triple step in place & move follower right
triple step in place

Follower's steps:

RF back rock
triple step in place
triple step left

RF back rock
triple step right
triple step in place

It is easier for the follower to travel left when starting to move with the left foot, and to travel right when starting to move with the right foot. For this reason the above steps indicate moving the follower on one out of two triple steps in each measure.

However, if leader moves follower on both triple steps, a way for the follower to move left on the first triple step is to cross her feet on that triple step:

RF back rock                        (1-2)
RF left crossed in front of LF      (3)
LF together behind RF               (a)
RF left crossed in front of LF      (4)
LF triple step left                 (5-a-6)

Hand Drop Exit

Leader disconnects LH, follower recognizes this and turns out to face the leader while the leader maintains RH connection.

Right Side Pass

Leader's steps:

(back rock offsetting left:)
LF back/slightly left
RF in front of LF or left of LF facing forward
    & LH up/diagonal to lead pass
    & rotate R 90°
triple step left & rotate R 90°
triple step right

The back rock is offset left to clear track for follower to walk forward. Two ways of doing the offset back rock:

  1. LF is mostly in place, then RF steps left of LF (feet crossed)
  2. LF moves left on its step, then RF is forward of LF

Lead is LH up/diagonally away from follower on their track.

Ending Holds

If the leader starts with LH hold only, natural ending hold is LH only.

Leader can also change hands to handshake hold at the end of the pass. (Leader would do something resembling a back hand change in this case.)

Leader can also finish in double hand hold. In order for this to work the follower must have her LH in ready position. In the pass the leader then follows follower's left arm from her shoulder with his RH, eventually catching follower's LH.

Right Side Pass with Leader's Turn

This replaces the leader's triple step right in the right side pass with a turn in either direction.

Turn options:

  • UAT (left, 270°)
  • Right half turn (180°)
  • Right turn with back hand change (360°)
  • Waist roll (left turn, 180°)

Starting position: leader and follower are both in the slot. At the end of the first triple step follower is in the slot, leader is perpendicular to the slot. After leader's UAT leader is facing the follower; in other turns leader ends up perpendicular to the slot, either facing the same direction or the opposite direction depending on whether the turn is 180° or 360°.

Finishing leader's orientation seems to vary with the instructor. Some want the leader to be facing squarely away from follower, some want leader to be 135° away from follower. There is also the version where the leader is making 90° with follower which I think is different.

For UAT the next step is a back rock. For other turns the next figure is a left or right side pass again meaning the leader needs to be offset from the slot at the conclusion of his turn to allow the follower to travel through the slot back.

With Right Half Turn

Leader drops LH down at the end of the first triple, then turns 180° right over the second triple, also moving back to end up behind the slot. Leader's LH connected to follower's RH (standard open position). Next figure can be right side pass.

With Right Full Turn

Leader drops LH down at the end of the first triple, then turns 360° right over the second triple, doing a back hand change over the second 180°. Leader's RH holds follower's RH (handshake hold). Next figure starts with a forward rock for the leader.

Exit option for leader:

LF rock forward
rotate R 180° & free spin follower CCW
rotate R 360° & resume standard open position

(into LF back rock)

In this figure the leader performs 1.5 turns, the follower performs 1.25 turns and the slot changes direction 90°.

With Waist Roll

Leader drops LH down at the end of the first triple, then turns 180° left over the second triple with a waist roll. Leader's RH connects with follower's RH at the end of waist roll (handshake hold)> Next figure starts with a forward rock for the leader.

With UAT Left

Leader maintains LH up at the end of the first triple, then turns left 270° under his left arm, ending up facing the follower in the slot in the open position. Can follow up with any figure that starts from the open position.

Left Side Pass

Leader's steps:

(back rock offsetting right:)
LF back
RF diagonally forward/right facing forward
    & LF up/diagonal to lead pass
    & rotate L 90°
(crossed triple step forward:)
LF forward
RF behind LF
LF forward & rotate L 90°
triple step right

Like with right side pass, the leader moves out of follower's track on the right side, then the follower walks forward.

Lead is LH up/diagonally away from follower on their track.

Leader's Hammerlock

From handshake open, leader's steps:

LF back rock
(lead right side pass:)
RH diagonal up/away from follower &
    triple step in place rotating R up to 90°
rotate L to original direction &
    triple step back slightly &
    RH behind leader's back &
    LH on leader's left, palm forward

(into promenade)

Leader can rotate up to 90° on first triple step, this rotation is then reversed on the second triple step.

Shadow To Open (Tuck)

From shadow position, leader's steps:

LF back rock & wind follower R
LF triple step in place &
    bring follower in front &
    push LH straight forward on 4 count &
    rotate follower with RH CW on 4 count
RF triple step in place

The last triple step is a free spin for the follower. This is dificult to lead, seemingly impossible with followers who don't know this step.

Free Spin

From face to face open position with handshake hold, leader's steps:

back rock with slight twist left in upper body to wind follower     (1-2)
    back rock should be led with RH pushing follower's RH
LF step in place & RF step in place &                               (3-a)
    pull RH toward leader's center at waist height
LF step in place &                                                  (4)
    push RH toward follower's right side at waist height
triple step in place, follower spins                                (5-a-6)

If leader's RH hits follower on the 4 count, the follower is collapsing her frame. If follower maintains frame she should be in the spin and her hand will move out of the way by the time leader's RH arrives toward follower's waist.

Standing Spin

From open position, leader's steps:

back rock
triple step in place & raise LH to high five position &
    push LH on 4 count
triple step in place

Tuck - General

A tuck has 3 components:

  • Wind where the follower rotates about 1/8 turn in one direction (say, CW);
  • Tuck where the leader brings the follower to them while rotating them about 1/4 turn in the opposite direction (CCW);
  • Spin where the leader sends the follower into a spin in the first direction (CW).

Therefore there are two direction changes in a tuck.

Closed Tuck / Tuck From Closed

From closed position, leader's steps:

back rock & rotate follower R (wind)
triple step in place & bring follower in front (tuck)
    LH up to lead follower's turn on 2 count            [*]
    start turning follower on 4 count (lead with RH more than LH)
triple step in place (follower turning)
    drop LH to waist height

Notes:

  1. Torso can be straight on the back rock, or rotate toward follower.
  2. To lead the wind, move LH in front of follower to their right side while also twisting them right with RH.
  3. Lead tuck by bringing LH toward leader's left shoulder.
  4. At the end of tuck leader's LH should be palm to palm with follower's RH. Leader's left elbow close to follower's right elbow. Leader's left elbow in front of body.
  5. Leader's RH remains connected with follower through tuck.
  6. Follower should end up in front of the leader following tuck, but if this does not happen, leader should turn to face follower and perform the rest of the figure in that direction.
  7. Lead spin by pushing LH forward while holding or lightly pulling follower's waist with RH.
  8. Bring LH down on the third step of the second triple step.

The lead for spin can be primarily from LH or primarily from RH. If doing LH lead, there is no rotation of the hand and the lead is coming almost entirely from pushing LH forward. If doing RH lead, follow through with RH as follower begins the turn and continue pushing/directing follower for as long as practical.

At the conclusion of tuck in leader's hand is above/inside the follower's hand. Do a right side pass to fix the hands.

At higher levels, on the step marked [*] LH does not go up but stays at waist height (leader moves his LH to his left pants pocket instead of raising it to follower's head level). This creates additional momentum for the follower compared to the "baby version" of LH up lead.

Double Tuck / 8 Count Closed Tuck

This is the closed tuck with an additional right turn for the follower on 5 and 6 counts, with 8 total count.

Footwork is the same as for an 8 count underarm sendout but this is a tuck turn instead of an underarm turn.

Tuck From Open / Open Tuck

Leader's steps, from open position, handshake hold:

back rock & rotate follower R by pushing on RH      (1-2)
    (styling: rotate torso L 1/8 turn)
triple step in place &
    pull RH to center at waist height &             (3-a)
    push RH toward follower's right hip (spin) &    (4)
    release RH
triple step in place                                (5-a-6)

Variant: Instead of doing the last triple step in place, spin left. The spin has to start on the 4 count for the leader to arrive in open position on the 6 count to reconnect with follower and lead the back rock on the following 1 count.

Reverse Tuck / 8 Count Tuck Return

Leader's steps, from open position:

LF back rock                                        (1-2)
LF triple step in place &
    LH pull follower toward right hip & check       (3-a-4)
LF in place & LH rotate follower right              (5)
RF in place & continue rotating follower            (6)
LF triple step & rotate follower right again &
    collect follower into frame                     (7-a-8)

8 Count Slingshot / Stop & Go

Takes 8 counts as the name suggests.

From open position, LH hold, leader's steps:

LF back rock                                        (1-2)
triple step in place & lead underarm return         (3-a-4)
    stop follower with RH
RF forward rock & open RH to wind follower R        (5-6)
triple step in place & underarm sendout             (7-a-8)
    follower rotates R

(repeat)

The forward rock on the 5-6 count is called the check step.

Stopping follower with RH on (4) is called shoulder check. The figure can be done without a sholder check, in which case the lead for the follower to rock on (5-6) is leader's LH pulling follower forward on (4).

If shoulder check is done, a variation of the figure is, as a leader, to execute a back rock on (5-6) instead of the forward rock. Leader would then rotate right up to 90° from face to face open to be partially perpendicular to the follower on the check step.

Another variation is to replace a triple step with kick ball change. The forward rock is then taken on the left foot instead of the right foot.

Note: 8 count slingshot employs the underarm return. A j-hook return does not work because in the j-hook return the follower travels forward on the first triple step and rotates on the second triple step, whereas in the underarm return the follower rotates on the first triple step. As 8 count slingshot only allows a single triple step for the follower to change direction, underarm return works and j-hook return ends up with follower not rotating prior to the 5-6 counts.

Follower's steps:

RF back rock                                        (1-2)
right turn triple step into closed position         (3-a-4)
LF back rock                                        (5-6)
left turn triple step into open position            (7-a-8)

Turn & Stop

From open posiiton with handshake hold, leader's steps:

LF back rock & wind follower CW with RH                     (1)
LF slightly forward/right to face follower &                (2)
    rotate follower CCW with RH &
    stop follower with LH on follower's left shoulder
RF step in place                                            (3)

(repeat if wanted)

(into free spin CCW, leader leads with RH pushing away from leader:)
LF back rock                                                (1)
single or triple step & push RH away                        (2)
    follower spins CCW
single or triple step in place                              (3)

(into standard open position)

Follower also puts their LH on leader's left shoulder when they stop.

Pivot Turn

Done from open enclosed position, this is similar to the quick left turns in tango. The turn in swing goes right (clockwise). There is more rotation compared to a rotating basic, and virtually no traveling. The correct execution involves the partners rotating about the center of the partnership, though with a less experienced follower the leader ends up circling around the follower somewhat.

In swing there should be no sway during the pivot turn.

Triple Forward

From closed position, leader's steps:

LF back rock                                                (1-2)
triple step in place & bring follower in front              (3-a-4)
swivel R & triple step forward                              (5-a-6)

swivel L & triple step forward                              (1-a-2)
swivel R & triple step forward                              (3-a-4)

swivel L & triple step forward                              (5-a-6)
triple step right & reframe facing opposite direction       (7-a-8)

(into back rock)

Notes:

  1. Bringing follower in front is similar to throwout except frame is maintained throughout the step. The follower should have her back square to the slot.
  2. Triple steps forward in the middle can be repeated to travel from one location to another on the dance floor.
  3. Reframing starts when RF does triple step.
  4. In reframing the leader rotates close to 180° to face backward in the slot, follower almost maintains their direction but opens slightly as the partners make the V of the frame.

Side Rock into Triple Step Down The Line

From open position, leader's steps:

LF left                     (1)
rock RF                     (2)
    & rotate R ~60°
(now in promenade position)
LF triple step forward      (3-a-4)

On the triple steps, the body should be angled toward the follower (contra-body position).

This looks to be American social swing's version of the promenade that goes laterally from previous direction of travel (i.e. a waltz/tango promenade).

Back Walks

This is American Social's equivalent of EC's walks & points, though apparently walks alone are not a figure in AS swing.

From side by side open position, leader's steps:

LF back
RF back
LF back
RF back

Notes:

  • Back walks are done in side by side open position, not in standard frame.
  • Back walks are led with both hands. LH moves back with leader as he is taking the back steps, RH should be on the right edge of follower's torso pulling back as well.
  • Having a forward lean is also crucial for leading. Leading with a forward lean is much more effective vs being more upright, especially if leader has a hard time getting to the follower's right side with RH.

Side By Side Jig Walks

Stationary

Leader's steps, from side by side open:

LF back rock        (1-2)
LF kick forward     (3)
RF kick forward     (4)

Moving Back

Leader's steps, from side by side open:

(stationary:)
LF back rock                (1-2)
LF kick forward             (3)
RF kick forward             (4)
    & place RF back

LF back                     (5)
RF back                     (6)
LF kick forward             (7)
RF kick forward             (8)

In the moving jig walk, on (4) RF does not come down in the same place it was on (3) but rather it is placed back, thus taking a back step. (5) and (6) are additional back steps, for a total of 3 steps back. The (5) and (6) steps replace a back rock.

Technique

When LF kick is done, leader should have his right hip toward the follower and shoulders away from the follower. This is the same motion as settling into a hip.

When RF kick is done, leader's hips are away from the follower and shoulders are toward the follower.

The hip and shoulder movement should create stretch between partners - the point which is stretching alternates between hips and shoulders but the goal is to have this sideways stretch in the kicks.

Leader's RH should be on the right side of the follower through the jig walks, both to lead backward movement and also to lead the toward/away movement in the body.

Face To Face Jig Walks

Leader's steps:

back rock & rotate follower R (wind)
    tuck follower in very close
LF kick diagonal L
RF kick diagonal R

The kicks in a jig walk are called jig kicks.

The difference between tuck in into a spin and tuck in into jig walks is in jig walks the partners are meant to be very close to each other, whereas in tuck in into spin there is separation maintained. Also in jig walks the leader moves toward the partner as they transition into closed position, whereas in tuck in into spin the leader brings the follower in front of the leader more.

When executing a tuck in after a jig walks, the tuck needs to space the follower out so that they can turn. Also there is a small angle between the partners in the tuck for tuck in - in jig walks the partners are parallel.

Leader's Hammerlock Promenade

From leader's hammerlock, leader's steps:

LF triple step forward, feet & body angled away from partner slightly
RF triple step forward, feet & body angled toward partner slightly
LF triple step forward, feet & body angled away from partner slightly
RF triple step forward & rotate L 90° & LH on follower's back

(now in shadow position)

Promenade Return

The return always starts with RF for the leader.

Basic

On the RF triple step, the leader travels further to get ahead of the follower, then rotates L ~90°, stops follower with RH and reframes.

Both Free Spin

From the promenade, leader's steps:

LF forward                                          (3)
RF together behind LF                               (a)
LF forward & push LH away to spin follower R        (4)

RF forward                                          (5)
rotate L 180° & LF together                         (a)
rotate L 180° & RF together                         (6)
    & catch follower with RH

Lead for the spin happens on the 4 count.

The leader needs to delay his turn until he sees where the follower is going with her turn, because it is primarily the leader's responsibility to end up in the right place on the 6 count to reframe.

Lead itself is difficult as the leader is pushing the follower away from him (perpendicular to promenade travel direction) but the follower is to turn along the promenade direction. I think what needs to happen is the leader needs to maintain momentum along promenade direction while leading the spin, and then the follower who is familiar with the step will turn along the promenade direction.

Reconnection at the end is done with RH, not LH.

Follower's UAT Left

From the promenade, leader's steps:

LF forward                                          (3)
RF together behind LF                               (a)
LF forward & raise LH to lead UAT                   (4)

rotate L ~60° to face follower &
    RF right & continue leading follower's UAT      (5)
LF together & continue leading follower's UAT       (a)
RF right & stop follower with RH                    (6)

I found this easier to execute than the free spin exit. Leader should look at follower throughout her movement to move with her as it is primarily the leader's job to end up in the right place on the 6 count to reframe.

Misc

The check step in 8 count slingshot/stop & go performs equivalent function to the break step in salsa. There is a break step in swing but it's different and it completely stops movement for 1 count (step lasts 2 counts total).